Afghanistan’s health system has been constantly progressing over the last 17 years, with increasing coverage of health services throughout the country. According to the World Health Organization, in 2018, a total of 3,135 health facilities were functional, which ensured access to almost 87% of the population within two hours distance. Afghanistan’s National Health Policy 2015-20 has five policy areas: governance, institutional development, public health, health services and human resources. Since 2002 the Italian Cooperation has implemented health programs in the provinces of Baghlan, Baghdis, Herat, Kabul and Wardak worth 22.9 MEUR. Starting from 2010, the Italian funds in support of the health sector are concentrated in the provinces of Kabul and Herat.
At the end of 2010 Italian Cooperation activities for the Health sector are all on-budget (directly supporting the line ministries) and focused upon civil works, the introduction of new technologies and related training (laparoscopy, endoscopy, colonoscopy, ultrasound, CT-scan and mammography).
The IADC aimes at strenghtnening the national programs Basic Package Health Service (BPHS) ed Essential Package Hospital Service (EPHS). Through this programs IADC support training for health officer and medical doctors, medical supplies and tools, renovation of speicalized hospital departments (Burn and Surgery Plastic Center, Diagnostic Center). The Italian Cooperation has established, trained and equipped the first Ambulance Center in Herat, and launched a hotline for emergency calls. We support the Institute of Health Science of Kabul and Herat to expand their training capabilities.
In 2016 it has been approved a new initiative to establish a pediatric cardiac surgery department at Indira Gandhi hospital to reduce the health-exodus in neighboring countries to seek specialized medical care.