Humanitarian aid

 

“We note that humanitarian aid will continue to be needed for the foreseeable future and access of humanitarian actors must be ensured throughout the country in full abidance to humanitarian principles.“

Communiqué  2020 Afghanistan Conference – Geneva

 

 

Twenty years into the state and nation-building process that has followed the international intervention in 2001, Afghanistan remains an intensely fragile and conflict-affected country.

Years of war and instability took an extreme toll on civilians. Today, thousands of Afghan children, women and men affected by conflict, combined with a severe drought and natural disasters, require humanitarian aid. In addition, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic widened the urgency for adequate support in terms of humanitarian assistance.

According to the Afghanistan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020 by OCHA, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2021 will be around 18.4 million people. In June 2020, it was approximately 14 million, and in January 2020, 9.4 million people.

Afghanistan now has the second-highest number of people in emergency food insecurity globally, while nearly one in two children under five will face acute malnutrition.

The fast escalation has been originated from a deteriorating context, an increased population number, the social, economic, health impacts of COVID-19, high cross-border mobility, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition, as well as conflict-driven displacement, including IDPs, returnees and refugees.

Since 2002, Italy participates in the Humanitarian Response Dialogue and Action, strictly working with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).

Through multilateral and bilateral channels, the government of Italy is regularly funding the UN agencies (UNICEF, UNFPA, UNHCR, OIM) International Organizations (ICRC), the Afghan Ministry of Finance to provide immediate humanitarian response to vulnerable groups in Afghanistan.

Community-based services for maternal, under-five and child nutrition, reproductive health services preventing gender-based violence to displaced population; the eradication of polio; physical rehabilitation services to mine amputees and war victims; support for a sustainable return and reintegration of Afghan returnees and IDPs are among the initiatives funded by the Italian government.

Moreover, it funds humanitarian response actions through the yearly contribution to the ARTF (12.5 M EUR for 2021), earmarking 50% of it to COVID 19 response and the Citizens'Charter Program through which some humanitarian actions are delivered.