“Towards gender parity (A-SDG 5): End the violence against women and children in all its forms and manifestations and create balanced progress with women's increasing role for socio-economic development and governance.”

ANPDF II 2021-2025



In the last 20 years, the conditions of women and girls in Afghanistan have improved substantially, enabled by the support of the international community, the Afghan government and civil society organizations.

Today, girls' enrollment in primary, secondary and higher education and women's socio-economic inclusion and political participation made progress. In 2020 women constituted 29.6 percent of the civil service, with a significant presence in the cabinet, ambassadorships, deputy ministers, judges, prosecutors, professors and teachers.

However, there is still a long way to go to ensure gender equality. Low-paid/unregulated employment, widespread harassment, limited political participation and educational opportunities, cultural/religious traditions, and domestic abuses impede their complete fulfilment of civil rights. Still frequently, all these elements result as an obstacle to getting fair treatment from the justice system. This is one of the main challenges Afghanistan is facing in today’s insecure environment and the first effort is to ensure that progresses made are not lost.

Indeed, in the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF II) 2021 to 2025 it is stressed the government efforts for full inclusion and protection of women, along with youth and minorities, in all the National Priority Programs, which really pushes back the hardest time for women in Afghan history. Gender equality is one of the key principles at the basis of the Afghanistan Partnership Framework signed by the Donor’s community with the Government of Afghanistan at the Geneva Conference last November.

Italy, through the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS), has been funding projects focusing first on women's economic empowerment and successively on the eradication of violence against women and girls, on reproductive health and rights.

The gender initiatives have been implemented through bilateral and multilateral channels.

Recently in the framework of its contributions to gender equality and women's socio-empowerment in the country, AICS has been implementing the project "Support Women's Entrepreneurship through Vocational Training and Strengthening of the Private Sector in Afghanistan" in close collaboration with the Ministry of Women's Affairs (MoWA) and its provincial departments (DoWA) in the provinces of Bamiyan, Badakhshan, Herat, Ghor and Kabul. IADC will continue to support women's economic empowerment through vocational training and employment promotion activities in Kabul Province and is also focusing on strengthening the gender justice sector.

Moreover, gender is mainstreamed in all the other sectorial initiatives, ranging from access to justice programs to rural development, from health to humanitarian interventions, supporting Afghanistan and its women in targeting their full empowerment and gender equality.