With an area of 652,000 km2 and a population of approximately 35.5 million people, the country currently ranks among the most insecure in the world due to an undermined political stability, and a constant terrorist threat from the Taliban. 2018 has indeed recorded the highest number of civilian casualties since the presence of NATO in the country (2002).
To date, Afghan institutions continue to rely on aid from the donor community, which is essential to guarantee their growth as democratic institutions. In 2016, at the Brussels Donors Conference, the Government presented the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework - ANPDF - a five-year roadmap to achieve institutional autonomy and trust, to increase the well-being of the population through sustainable development. The policy aims at stopping corruption, violence and crime, and affirming the rule of law and human rights; on the other hand, it also aims at promoting an economy based on the development of the private sector. In order to implement it, it is necessary to restore infrastructures which have been destroyed and those which have not been developed due to the last 40 years of conflicts and instability.
The Government firmly believes that, with a growing economy, Afghanistan will be able to increase investments in public health and education for Afghan people. This entails a collective effort to overcome fragmentation, increase accountability and introduce appropriate policies for sustainable growth.
At the Geneva Conference held in November 2018, the donor community confirmed its presence alongside the country in pursuing this ambitious agenda. On that occasion, with the participation of 61 country delegations and 35 international organizations, all participants renewed their commitment and collaboration for Afghanistan's future of peace, prosperity and development, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.
The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation supports the country in its ownership and in the implementation of its roadmap, firmly convinced that "Nobody should be left behind", as illustrated by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.